Monday, March 19, 2012

Exploiting Network File System (NFS) shares

Clients with old Sun/unix boxes routinely have NFS shares that nobody thinks about. Next time you’re on an internal, keep this in mind:

NFS on a system can be determined if port 2049 is open, and while this is a good indication, it doesn't actually prove any folders are being offered.  A good way to determine this is to issue the command:

showmount -e IP_Address

Hopefully the results will look something like this:

root@attacker]# showmount -e
Export list for
/export/home/  (everyone)
/export/mnt/   (everyone)
/export/share/ (everyone)

In the example above you see /export/home is open giving a good indication that possibly profiles or home directories are stored in this directory.  If this is the case a couple of in-built pieces of security exists on the system, they are; file permissions and the use of the sticky bit i.e. only that user can interact with their own files.

To mount an NFS share use the following after first creating a directory on your local machine:

[root@attacker~]#mount -t nfs /local_dir

Hopefully is this goes well if you change directory to /local_dir you can see all sub directories on the remote machine in /export/home.

You ask now, how do you circumvent file permissions and the use of the sticky bit, this is done with a little prior planning and slight of hand to confuse the remote machine.

If we have a /export/home/dave directory that we have gone into, we will see a number of files belonging to dave, some or all of which you may be able to read.  The one thing the system will give you is the owners UID on the remote system after issuing an ls -al command i.e.  

-rwxr----- 517 wheel 898 daves_secret_doc 

The permissions at the moment do not let you do anything with the file as you are not the owner (yet) and not a member of the group wheel.

Move away from the mount point and unmount the share
umount /local_dir

create a user called dave
useradd dave
passwd dave

Edit /etc/passwd and change the UID to 517

Remount the share as local root

Go into daves directory
cd dave

issue the command
su dave

As you are local root you can do this and as you have an account called dave you will not need a password

Now the quirky stuff - As the UID for your local account dave matches the username and UID of the remote, the remote system now thinks your his dave, hey presto you can now do whatever you want with daves_secret_doc.

As an extension to this you can amend daves scripts etc. to run commands, tftp stuff onto the box and do basically whatever you please.  The best thing to do obviously is to drop a hidden netcat listener into daves directory and get it to open a port and once again you can then get that infamous interactive shell on the remote box.  NEAT!!

(Reposted from

No comments:

Post a Comment

Thanks for adding to the conversation. I'll update your post shortly.